Karachi

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Table of Contents (hide)

  1.   1.  Description
  2.   2.  Culture
  3.   3.  Significance
  4.   4.  References

Territory Statistics

StatusOPEN ?
Alternate TextKarācī, Kolachi, کراچی
Name MeaningWhat the name of the territory means!
Name OriginWhere did your territory's name come from?
Date of FoundingWhen was your territory founded?
Primary SpeciesWhat are the dominant canine species here?
Luperci DominantAre the majority Luperci?
PopulationHow many Luperci live here?
ReligionWhat are the dominant belief systems?

Karachi (Urdu: کراچی‎; ALA-LC: Karācī, IPA: [kəˈraːtʃi] (About this soundlisten); Sindhi: ڪراچي‎) was the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh. It was the most populous city in Pakistan,[13][14] and sixth-most-populous city proper in the world.[10] The city was Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre[17] and was considered as the cultural, economic, philanthropic, educational, and political hub of the country.[18] Karachi was also Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city.[19] Situated on the Arabian Sea, Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, as well as Pakistan's busiest airport, Jinnah International Airport.

Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia,[20] the city was founded as the fortified village of Kolachi[21] in 1729.[22] The settlement drastically increased in importance with the arrival of British East India Company in the mid 19th century, who not only embarked on major works to transform the city into a major seaport, but also connected it with their extensive railway network.[21] By the time of the Partition of British India, the city was the largest in Sindh with an estimated population of 400,000.[19] Following the independence of Pakistan, the city's population increased dramatically with the arrival of millions of Muslim refugees from India.[23] The city experienced rapid economic growth following independence, attracting migrants from throughout Pakistan and South Asia.

1.  Description

Karachi is located on the coastline of Sindh province in southern Pakistan, along a natural harbour on the Arabian Sea. Karachi is built on a coastal plains with scattered rocky outcroppings, hills and coastal marshlands. Coastal mangrove forests grow in the brackish waters around the Karachi Harbour, and farther southeast towards the expansive Indus River Delta. West of Karachi city is the Cape Monze, locally known as Ras Muari, which is an area characterised by sea cliffs, rocky sandstone promontories and undeveloped beaches.

Within the city of Karachi are two small ranges: the Khasa Hills and Mulri Hills, which lie in the northwest and act as a barrier between North Nazimabad Town and Orangi Town.[64] Karachi's hills are barren and are part of the larger Kirthar Range, and have a maximum elevation of 528 metres (1,732 feet).

Between the hills are wide coastal plains interspersed with dry river beds and water channels. Karachi has developed around the Malir River and Lyari Rivers, with the Lyari shore being the site of the settlement for Kolachi. To the west of Karachi lies the Indus River flood plain.[65]

Karachi has an arid climate (Köppen: BWh) dominated by a long "Summer Season" while moderated by oceanic influence from the Arabian Sea. The city has low annual average precipitation levels (approx. 250 mm (10 in) per annum), the bulk of which occurs during the July–August monsoon season. While the summers are hot and humid, cool sea breezes typically provide relief during hot summer months, though Karachi is prone to deadly heat waves,[66] though a text-message based early warning system is now in place that helped prevent any fatalities during an unusually strong heatwave in October 2017.[67] The winter climate is dry and lasts between December and February. It is dry and pleasant relative to the warm hot season, which starts in March and lasts until monsoons arrive in June. Proximity to the sea maintains humidity levels at near-constant levels year-round.

The city's highest monthly rainfall, 429.3 mm (16.90 in), occurred in July 1967.[68] The city's highest rainfall in 24 hours occurred on 7 August 1953, when about 278.1 millimetres (10.95 in) of rain lashed the city, resulting in major flooding.[69] Karachi's highest recorded temperature is 48 °C (118 °F) which was recorded on 9 May 1938,[70] and the lowest is 0 °C (32 °F) recorded on 21 January 1934.[68]

Karachi and the urban areas of Sindh have some of the world's highest records of water scarcity. Cases of Water scarcity are the cause of much tension and concern in Karachi and Sindh Sing in general.

Public domain photo

2.  Culture

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3.  Significance

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4.  References

Category: Open Territories