Table of Contents (hide)

  1.   1.  Description
    1.   1.1  Types
    2.   1.2  Food
    3.   1.3  Breeding
    4.   1.4  Habitat
  2.   2.  Speech
  3.   3.  Uses
    1.   3.1  Food
    2.   3.2  Oxen
  4.   4.  More
  5.   5.  'Souls
Latin Bos primigenius
Common Cow, cattle
Icon(s) Calf Holstein Calf
Cow/Bull Cow Cow
Cow Cow Holstein Cow Holstein Cow
Holstein Cow Holstein Cow
Cow Cow
Cow Cow
Cow (*shrunk) Hairy Cow
Bull (*shrunk) Bull (*shrunk)
Bull (*shrunk) Bull (*shrunk)

A holstein cow

1.  Description

An important note regarding "breeds" and "types" of domesticated animals:

As with most formerly animals, the "types" of this domesticated animal are likely to have interbred significantly. Breeds are no longer in existence: however, traits of these particular breeds (the most frequently reared) are likely to persist in the wild landrace of this type of animal found in 'Souls.

Without selective breeding, formerly domesticated animals would breed indiscriminately. Over a few generations, it's likely they would begin to revert to their former wild type and lose some of the characteristics enforced by humans and breeding. While not enough time has passed for all selectively bred traits to disappear, it's likely many of these traits have become blended into one another.

1.1  Types

There were two primary types of cattle -- beef and dairy cattle. The former was kept for meat, the latter for milk.

Holstein Cattle

Previously the world's highest-production dairy animals, Holsteins have distinctive markings and outstanding milk production. They are large, black-and-white marked animals that vary from mostly black to mostly white, or they can also be red and white. A mature Holstein cow typically weighs 580 kg, and stands 147 cm (58 inches) tall at the shoulder.

Jersey Cattle

Jersey cattle are a small breed of dairy cattle. The breed was popular for the high butterfat content of its milk. Jerseys come in all shades of brown, from light tan to almost black. They are frequently fawn in color. All purebred Jerseys have a lighter band around their muzzle, a dark switch (long hair on the end of the tail), and black hooves.

A hereford cow
A hereford bull

1.2  Food

Cattle are often raised by allowing herds to graze on the grasses of large tracts of rangeland. Raising cattle in this manner allows the use of land that might be unsuitable for growing crops. The most common interactions with cattle involve daily feeding, cleaning and milking.

1.3  Breeding

Cow gestation is about 9.5 months.

1.4  Habitat

All of 'Souls -- Sticks and Stones, particularly the marshy easterly areas. Northern Tides, especially the Isthmus of Chignecto.

2.  Speech

According to our Speech Guide, this creature speaks Low Speech naturally. It is therefore not able to communicate with Luperci. This creature is listed as having the ability to learn some limited comprehension of high speech, but generally will never be able to speak it.

3.  Uses

  • Cattle are raised as livestock for meat (beef and veal), as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products.
  • They are raised as draft animals (oxen or bullocks) (pulling carts, plows and the like).
  • Other products include leather and dung for manure or fuel.

3.1  Food

A steer that weighs 1,000 lb (450 kg) when alive will make a carcase weighing about 615 lb (280 kg), once the blood, head, feet, skin, offal and guts have been removed. The carcase will then be hung in a cold room for between one and four weeks, during which time it loses some weight as water dries from the meat. When boned and cut by a butcher or packing house this carcase would then make about 430 lb (200 kg) of beef.

In terms of food intake, consumption of cattle is less efficient than of grain or vegetables with regard to land use, and hence cattle grazing consumes more area than such other agricultural production when raised on grains.

3.2  Oxen

An ox pulling

Oxen are cattle trained as draft animals. Well-trained oxen in general are also considered less excitable than horses. Often they are adult, castrated males of larger breeds, although females and bulls are also used in some areas. Oxen are used for plowing, transport, hauling cargo, grain-grinding by trampling or by powering machines, irrigation by powering pumps, and wagon drawing. Oxen were commonly used to skid logs in forests.

Oxen can pull harder and longer than horses. Though not as fast as horses, they are less prone to injury because they are more sure-footed. Oxen are most often used in teams of two, paired, for light work such as carting, with additional pairs added when more power is required, sometimes up to a total of 20 or more.

For millennia, oxen also could pull heavier loads because of the use of the yoke, which was designed to work best with the neck and shoulder anatomy of cattle. Until the invention of the horse collar, which allowed the horse to engage the pushing power of its hindquarters in moving a load, horses could not pull with their full strength because the yoke was incompatible with their anatomy.

North Devon were often used for hauling purposes.

4.  More

5.  'Souls

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Categories: Fauna | Resources