Ash (Fraxinus)

Table of Contents (hide)

  1.   1.  Types
    1.   1.1  Black Ash (Fraxinus nigra)
    2.   1.2  White Ash (Fraxinus americana)
    3.   1.3  Red Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  2.   2.  Uses
    1.   2.1  Wood
    2.   2.2  Medicinal
  3.   3.  More
  4.   4.  'Souls
Common Name Ash
Latin Name Fraxinus (genus)
Icon(s) Tree (general icon)
Black ash tree. (Marilylle Soveran@Flickr)

1.  Types

1.1  Black Ash (Fraxinus nigra)

It is a medium-sized deciduous tree reaching 15–20 m (exceptionally 26 m) tall. The leaves have 7–13 (most often 9) opposite leaflets. Black Ash is one of the first trees to lose its leaves in the fall and becomes a sickly yellow.


Common. It commonly occurs in swamps, lowlands, bogs, and other watery areas -- it's especially common in the Dampwoods and Ethereal Eclipse areas. It is also found in Arachneas Revenge.

Basket Weaving

Black ash is unique among all trees in North America in that it does not have fibers connecting the growth rings to each other. This has a wonderful implication for basket makers. Spring wood is rapidly laid down early in the growing season and is weak. Summer wood is laid down slowly in the summer and fall, and is much darker and tougher. By literally pounding on the wood with a mallet, the spring wood is crushed, allowing the summer wood to be peeled off in long strips. The absence of the connecting fibers is what allows the summer wood strips to separate. It is these long strips that are trimmed and cleaned and then used in basket weaving.

1.2  White Ash (Fraxinus americana)

The name White Ash derives from the glaucous undersides of the leaves. The tree has a mast crop every 11 years and is very easy to plant and cultivate.


Common. White Ash is found in moist upland sites.


  • The wood is white and quite dense, strong, and straight-grained. Woodworkers use the timber mainly indoors due to rot when in contact with ground soil; however, it can be used for lobster and crab traps, tool handles, longbows.

1.3  Red Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

It is a medium-sized deciduous tree reaching 12-25 m (rarely to 45 m) tall with a trunk up to 60 cm in diameter. It is very similar to the White Ash; however, it can be differentiated by its preferred habitat as well as its smoother twigs. The wood is similar to White Ash wood, though it is slightly lighter.


Common. Green Ash is found in wet forests of floodplains or swamps.

2.  Uses

2.1  Wood

Ash is a hardwood and is hard, dense, tough and very strong but elastic, extensively used for making bows, tool handles, etc. and other uses demanding high strength and resilience. It also has good machining qualities, and is quite easy to use with nails, screws and glue.

  • Food: Ash makes excellent firewood and barbecue or smoking wood.

2.2  Medicinal

Black Ash

  • Said to help against the natural recurrence of disease when used as a bitter tonic or astringent
    • Odorless, but has a fairly bitter taste
  • Can treat fever and obstructions of the liver or spleen
  • Can be used for a laxative

3.  More

4.  'Souls

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