Great Plains Wolf (''Canis lupus nubilus'')

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  1.   1.  Common Names
  2.   2.  Range
  3.   3.  Appearance
  4.   4.  Other Characteristics
    1.   4.1  Social Structure & Diet
    2.   4.2  Survival
    3.   4.3  Civilization
  5.   5.  References

1.  Common Names

Great Plains Wolf, Buffalo Wolf

2.  Range

Throughout the United States and the southern regions of Canada.2

North American Wolf Subspecies Map
See also: world species map

3.  Appearance

Great Plains Wolves tend to be between 4.5 - 6.5 feet (137 - 198 cm) long from the tip of their nose to the tip of their tail. Their weight can vary greatly, from 60 - 110 lbs (27 - 50 kg). They are considered the averaged-sized representative for a North American Wolf, as opposed to the Common Gray Wolf, nominative subspecies and European representative of size. "They tend to have a long and bushy tail, generally with a black tip. Their coat coloration is generally a “grizzled gray, but show[s] great variation ... ranging from white to black."3 Some Great Plains Wolves have reddish or tawny hints to their fur. Typical coat ranges are gray, black or buff with reddish hues.

4.  Other Characteristics

4.1  Social Structure & Diet

These wolves tend to keep smaller packs of five or six individuals, though larger packs have been observed. They maintain a strict social order and hierarchy as any other subspecies. The typical diet of the Great Plains Wolf consists of white-tailed deer, moose, beaver, snowshoe hare, and smaller birds and mammals. As it may be inferred from one of its common names, prior to the near-extinction of the American Buffalo, the Buffalo Wolf relied primarily on those animals for sustenance.

4.2  Survival

Comparison of a Eurasian Wolf skull with a Canadian wolf skull.4, 5

Though these wolves were considered endangered in the United States, Canada still supported a very large population of wolves, and so this wolf was not in true danger, though its home range had been severely restricted. Following 1988, they steadily moved southward, reclaiming most of their original range throughout the United States.

4.3  Civilization

These canines regularly interact with others and have a vast range; as coyotes and wolves shifted their territories and expanded, the Luperci virus permeated this subspecies' home range. Like most North American canines, they prefer a feral lifestyle, though isolated patches of humanized populations can be found.

Only the canine species listed below are capable of becoming Luperci
Species   Wolves   New World   Alaskan Tundra WolfAlexander Archipelago WolfArctic WolfBaffin Island WolfBritish Columbian WolfEastern Timber WolfGreat Plains WolfMackenzie Valley WolfHudson Bay WolfInterior Alaskan WolfLabrador WolfMexican WolfNorthern Rocky Mountain WolfVancouver Island Wolf
Old World   Arabian WolfCaspian Sea WolfCommon Gray WolfIberian WolfIranian WolfItalian WolfMongolian WolfRussian WolfSteppe WolfTibetan WolfTundra Wolf
Coyotes   California Valley CoyoteLower Rio Grande CoyoteMearns CoyoteMountain CoyoteNortheastern CoyoteNorthern CoyoteNorthwest Coast CoyotePlains CoyoteSoutheastern CoyoteTexas Plains CoyoteTiburon Island Coyote
Jackals   Abyssinian JackalAlgerian JackalCape JackalCommon Golden JackalEast African JackalEgyptian JackalEuropean JackalIndian JackalPalestine Golden JackalSenegal JackalSerengeti JackalSiamese JackalSri Lanka JackalSyrian JackalVariegated JackalSide-Striped Jackal
Other Canines   DingoDogEthiopian WolfHimalayan WolfHybridsIndian WolfNew Guinea Singing DogRed Wolf
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