Clover (Nepeta cataria)
|Latin Name||Nepeta cataria (genus)|
All three clovers are invasive perennials.
- Red Clover (Trifolium pratense): This herbaceous, short lived plant is variable in size, growing to 20–80 cm tall. The leaves are trifoliate. The flowers are dark pink with a paler base.
- Alsike Clover (Trifolium hybridum): The spring-autumn blooming plant is 1–2 feet (30–60 cm) tall, and is found in fields and on roadsides. The stalked flower is pale pink or whitish.
- Dutch Clover (Trifolium repens): Low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. White clover grows among turfgrass, crops, and in a large number of other landscapes.
- Extremely Common (wild growth)
Clover, either sown alone or in mixture with ryegrass, has for a long time formed a staple crop for soiling, for several reasons: it grows freely, shooting up again after repeated mowings; it produces an abundant crop; it is palatable to and nutritious for livestock; it grows in a great range of soils and climates; and it is appropriate for either pasturage or green composting.
- Livestock: Makes an excellent forage crop for livestock.
- Edible: Clovers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, widespread, and abundant. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables.
- Medicine: The Cherokee used an infusion of the plant to treat fevers as well as Bright's disease. The Delaware and Algonkian natives used the same infusion, but as a treatment for coughing and the common cold.